Evolution and Development of Cephalic and Cardiac Musculature of Vertebrates
1. Evolution and Development of Head, Neck, and Heart Musculature in Vertebrates
The development of craniofacial and cardiac musculature is closely related to each other. Comparing the development and morphology of diverse vertebrates with each other conserved and variable characters can be observed, which gives us insights into developmental mechanisms and the evolution of those characters.